Maksymilian Gierymski, Wikipedia
PIONEER OF POLISH REALISM
(9 October) Maksymilian Gierymski, son of Józef (administrator of the Ujazdowski Hospital in Warsaw) and Julia née Kielichowska was born in Warsaw. The talented and sensitive Maksymilian attended the Real Middle School and simultaneously took piano lessons.
graduated from the Reals Gymnasium and began engineering studies at the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering of the Polytechnic Institute in Puławy (the school was a living centre of conspiracy)
As a 17-year-old Maksymilian Gierymski took part in the January Uprising. His stay in the insurgent "party" was the most important experience in life, a bitter and dramatic initiation into adult life. Many months of wandering around the woods, endless, gruelling marches, camps in snow and mud - the young officer learned all the brutal prose of the insurgent everyday life.
after the fall of the uprising, he returned to Warsaw and, fortunately avoiding political repression, began his studies at the Faculty of Mathematics and Physics of the Main School
After just one year, he enrolled in the newly opened Drawing Class, but a modest Warsaw university could not satisfy a demanding student. Lessons of correct, conventional painters, Maksymilian Gierymski complemented his knowledge with a well-known battalionist Juliusz Kossak (1824-1899), who did not spare him friendly, artistic consultations.
Maksymilian Gierymski received a 2-year government scholarship to study abroad and went to Munich to study. There, together with other great Polish painters of the 19th century, he and other 19th century painters, including Józef Chełmoński, Juliusz Kossak and Wojciechem Kossak and Stanisław Witkiewicz co-founded the so-called Munich group.
After 2 years of studies, the artist already rented his own studio and lived with his brother Aleksander Gierymski. Further orders from merchants and awards for Maximilian Gierymski began to multiply, one of the paintings went into the collection of Emperor Franz Joseph, other works were immediately purchased by German and Swiss Kunsthändlers - many of them were lost to Poland forever.
he started a series of costumed rococo hunting costumes - so-called "zopfs" (German der Zopf - wig, braid), which were an excuse for the artist to paint a family landscape
Maksymilian Gierymski was successful at the World Exhibition in Vienna, where he was awarded the medal "for painting". Unfortunately, this year also saw the first symptoms of lung disease, which was probably the result of inhumane combat conditions during the January Uprising.
was appointed (next to Jana Matejko) as a foreign member of the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Berlin
Maximilian Gierymski died of tuberculosis on 16 September at the Bad Reichenhall health resort