It is difficult to find an artist in the history of Polish painting whose works would refer to literature in such a direct way. He illustrated the works of Henryk Sienkiewicz, Adam Mickiewicz, as well as "The Illustrated Weekly". The art of Juliusz Kossak combines romantic and realistic elements - "Kossak's horse" is a specific symbol of freedom, perfect harmony, longing for what is unknown and at the same time accessible, because it is real. Juliusz is also a nestor of the family of artists (Wojciech Kossak, Zofia Kossak, Jerzy Kossak, Maria Pawlikowska-Jasnorzewska, Magdalena Samozwaniec) perceived as the mainstay of Polish tradition.
PIONEER OF POLISH REALISM
(15 December) Juliusz Kossak, son of Michał (a court clerk) and Antonina Sobolewska, who inherited Knihinin, a village near Stanisławów, was born in Wiśnicz near Kraków.
Shortly after Juliusz was born, the Kossak family moved to Lviv, where he received his education (after the Basilian Fathers' school, he began studying law, but spent his free time drawing. He visited various mansions, where he observed the life and customs of the nobility. In one such manor house he met Piotr Michałowski, his first master and advisor.
first public presentation of the artist's painting
Juliusz Kossak traveled a lot, he spent the longest time in Russia. In St. Petersburg he met a wonderful art collection in the Hermitage. Among the borderland magnate, his talent was becoming more and more famous. He even sold several paintings for the tsarist court.
coming to Warsaw, where Juliusz Kossak took up a paid job
He married Zofia Gałczyńska on August 25th, and in September they left for Paris. This loving couple raised 2 daughters and 3 sons.
Juliusz Kossak returned to Poland with his family
took over the artistic management of the Warsaw "Tygodnik Ilustrowany" on March 1. Juliusz Kossak was a born illustrator, from his early youth he liked to make drawings to read texts.
he left his job in Warsaw and went to Munich
settled permanently in Cracow, together with his wife he arranged a small property, bought a year earlier, which will later be called Kossakówka. Three generations of painters will work in the house: Juliusz, his son Wojciech and grandson Jerzy. For years the representatives of Krakow's intellectual elite will meet there.
Juliusz Kossak died on February 3 in Cracow, until his death he worked continuously.