Jan Matejko (1838-1893)
CINEMATOGRAPHY OF THE IMAGE
THE "DOUBLE MEANING" OF WORKS
THE MASTER OF EXPRESSIONS
(24 June) Jan Alojzy Matejko, son of Franciszek Ksawery (a Czech who came to Poland around 1807) and Janina Karolina Rossberg (daughter of the Cracow saddler, who died when Jan was only 7 years old) were born in Cracow. The artist was the ninth of 11 children. They lived in two rooms, in a family tenement house on Floriańska Street.
persuaded by his older son Franciszek, the father placed Jan in the School of Fine Arts. In order to have money for painting supplies, 14-year-old Jan was making "chałtury" (he painted signs, coloured photographs). It was not until 1857 that he could buy himself glasses and throw away the glass that he was drawing with his eye.
at the first painting exhibition in Cracow he was delighted with Rodakowski's paintings and Michałowski
He continued to learn painting in Munich. Apart from studying history, he took up Matejko's preparatory studies in horse painting, reminiscent of his earlier ones, carried out by Piotr Michałowski
He rented a studio on Krupnicza Street in Krakow and started selling his paintings. The studio was so cramped that larger paintings had to be rolled up and painted piece by piece.
Friends and two brothers of Jan Matejko joined the January Uprising, he hesitated, but he couldn't use his weapon and saw badly. He helped the insurgents materially and brought weapons to the insurgent camp Langiewicz
at the age of 26 he had an unprecedented success with the picture "Sermon of Complaint". The crowds were coming down to the exhibition to watch a painting that resounded with the patriotic atmosphere after the Uprising, whose causes of defeat everyone was looking for. Jan Matejko allocated the entrance income for orphans. That year he married Teodora Giebułtowska, who was his muse - almost all female characters in his paintings have her face.
A trip to Paris, where the "Sermon of the Complaint" was presented as part of the Salon and won a gold medal. That year, the artist became a father
"Rejtan" was shown in Paris and Jan Matejko received a gold medal of the first class at the Universal Exhibition
Jan Matejko received honorary citizenship of Lviv and founded 2 scholarships: for a Pole and a Ruthenian (Ukrainian) to study art. After painting the "Lublin Union", he was awarded the Cross of the Legion of Honour in Paris.
bought the house where he was born. That year, he and his wife traveled to Turkey
his older brother Francis (a historian) died, who supported him materially and intellectually and had a great influence on the formation of the psyche of the future painter
Jan Matejko bought a manor farm in Krzesławice, where he built a school that still exists today with his own funds. He was struggling with family problems: his mentally ill wife and children who did not want to learn. Despite financial problems, he was generous. Apart from scholarships, he also offered a series of masterpieces to the nation, whose commercial value, already then, was enormous
triumphant journey through Warsaw, Malbork and Gdańsk to the vicinity of the Battle of Grunwald
the success of the "Battle of Grunwald". Krakow offers him a scepter as a sign of reign in art. The artist travels to Italy
Emperor Franz Joseph visits the artist's studio during his stay in Krakow and receives a gift of "Reunion near Vienna".
The Kleparski Square was named Matejko Square (here the artist gave up a plot of land for free for the construction of the new building of the School of Fine Arts).
he started working on polychromy for St. Mary's Church, his helpers were: Wyspiański, Mehoffer, Tetmajer, Maszkowski, Lisiecki; unfortunately, he is getting more and more ill
On October 30 he tried to paint, but had no strength to get to the painting, the next day he got a severe bleeding. Jan Matejko died on November 1 in Krakow at the age of 55. During the funeral, which is attended by the whole Cracow, the Sigismund Bell rings.