Tadeusz Makowski (1882-1932)
His work is perfectly distinct and "separate" both against the background of Polish interwar painting and the whole European contemporary art. As a citizen of two cultures (raised on folk art and medieval Krakow), he combined Slavic emotionality with the experience of French Cubism. He fought for his own distinct style for years, persistently and humbly. They spoke of him: "a great loner", "a fanatic of art and work". - Tadeusz Makowski, a charmingly modest and good man, subordinated his whole life to painting.
PICTURES LIKE ILLUSTRATIONS OF A FAIRY TALE
THE MOTIF OF THE FIGURE-SPOKE CHARACTER
(29 January) Tadeusz Makowski, son of Stanisław (railway clerk) and Petronella, was born in Oświęcim.
He got burned - immobilized by illness at home, started drawing and it became his favourite pastime (there were no artistic traditions in the family until now). In primary school, he also showed his ability to mathematics, with which his practical father had hopes for the future. The need to further educate his son prompted the family to move.
Father opened a café at the corner of Dominikańska and Grodzka Street in Krakow, which became their source of income, while Tadeusz Makowski started his studies at St. Anne's Middle School in Krakow
entered the Faculty of Philosophy of the Jagiellonian University (contrary to his father's dreams, the humanistic middle school confirmed the boy's interest in literature and art)
He started parallel studies at the Academy of Fine Arts in Krakow with Józef Mehoffer and J. Stanislawski, continuing his university studies for 4 years, which resulted in an erudition that distinguished him from his peers. During his studies, Tadeusz Makowski took part in the preparation of performances for the literary cabaret "Zielony Balonik", he designs puppets for cribs.
graduated with a silver medal from the Academy of Fine Arts and went to Paris
has made friends with La Fauconier and a group of cubists from Montparnasse
He exhibited cubist paintings in the Salon of Independents and started to keep a diary, the records of which testify to the serious, almost religious treatment of the painter's vocation and the incredible modesty of Tadeusz Makowski. He did not start a family, but friendship began to play an increasingly important role in his life
he joined an international painting group with Marcel Gromair (1892-1971), Jules Pascin (1893-1930) and Pierre Krohg (1889-1965), among others
illustrated by "Pastorałki"Tytus Czyżewski
He painted "Return from school", where for the first time he took on child silhouettes in triangular hats, which are now the "hallmark" of his painting. This year saw the first individual exhibition of Tadeusz Makowski at the Berta Weill Gallery.
his second exhibition at Berta Weill's was a success and determined his position in the environment
he started a series of paintings: "Shoemaker", "Shooter", "Fisherman"
On 1 November Tadeusz Makowski died of a stroke in the hospital of Hotel Dieu in Paris. The sudden and unexpected death of the painter at the age of 50, at the threshold of his career, was a shock to his friends. The impression of injustice, the disproportion between the real value of the work of the silent artist and the scant recognition and lack of publicity prevailed. The "Society of Friends of Tadeusz Makowski" was spontaneously formed, with M. Gromair and the critic L.L. Martin at the head. Its statutory goal was: "to do everything possible to give the audience an idea of Makowski's true face and the size of his work". The posthumous exhibition in the Salon of Independents (1933) and the exhibition at the 20th Venice Biennale (1936) brought about a success that the artist did not live to see. The war interrupted the association's activity, but the canvases, deposited in a Parisian furniture store, survived - in 1954 Tadeusz Makowski finally returned to Poland - with his paintings.