LEADING REPRESENTATIVE OF ROMANTICISM IN POLISH PAINTING
REPRESENTATIVES OF HISTORICAL PAINTING
On 11 November, in Ottyniowice (Ukraine), Artur Grottger, son of Jan Józef (a painter by education, fought in the November Uprising as an officer of the 5th Uhlan Regiment "Warsaw Children") and Krystyna Blahao de Chodietow was born. Artur Grottger received his first drawing lessons from his father - a painter, who was also a great storyteller. The artist grew up on his father's patriotic stories and insurgent memories
Artur Grottger studied with the Lviv painter Jan Maszkowski
1851 On October 16, 1851 the Austrian Emperor Franz Joseph I. also came to Lviv. Arthur Grottger painted the monarch's entrance to the city. When the emperor received the watercolour, he funded a scholarship for the young artist (20 guilders per month), ordering him to undertake artistic studies in Krakow and then in Vienna.
He studied at the Academy of Fine Arts, where he perfected his artistic workshop under the supervision of such painters and educators as Prof. Władysław Łuszczkiewicz and Prof. Wojciech Stattler. During his studies he also made friends with Jan Matejko.
Arthur Grottger began his studies at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna, where he also achieved success as an illustrator, collaborating with well-known Viennese magazines such as "Museestunden", "Waldheim's Illustierte Zeitung" and "Waldheim's Illustierte Blatter".
the artist started working with the Polish magazine "Postęp", published in Vienna, and in 1863 he became its editor-in-chief
During the January Uprising, he was involved in helping refugees. Unfortunately, he lost his Emperor Franz Joseph I scholarship after a Pole suspected of conspiracy activity was arrested in Arthur Grottger's flat on 23 December. The artist fell into poverty and had to leave Vienna.
the painter's younger brother Jarosław Grottger was exiled to Siberia for participating in the uprising
Arthur Grottger fell in love with Wanda Monné, who became his muse (her image appears in almost every female figure he drew). Unfortunately, Wanda's family opposed this relationship because of the artist's health and financial problems.
he left for France in the hope of success, but lung disease made his work very difficult
Arthur Grottger, who was seriously ill with tuberculosis, died on 13 December in the Amélie-les-Bains-Palalda health resort (France). The fiancée brought the artist's corpse to Lviv on 4 July 1868. Arthur Grottger was buried in a place which he supposedly once chose during a walk with his fiancée. Six years after the funeral, the Lviv sculptor and the painter's friend, Paris Filippi, made a monument that stood on the artist's grave.